Nutrients needed in cocoa production

Potassium (K), nitrogen (N) and phosphorus (P), as well as secondary elements such as calcium (Ca), sulfur (S) and magnesium (Mg), which are involved in the metabolism of the plant, are among the nutrients most absorbed by cocoa during its useful life. It is important during cocoa production to perform annual or biannual soil analyses to discover the deficiencies of these nutrients and to be able to make applications in order to find the right balance of nutrients and meet the needs of the crop.

How to know that we have nutritional deficiencies.

Potassium deficiency.
It is usually visible in older leaves and in the development of new shoots, since lacking this element the new leaves of shoots and suckers are increasingly smaller, in mature leaves they show as light yellowish green patches near the margins of the leaves; these leaves easily fall off the tree in a potassium deficient plantation.

Phosphorus deficiency.
When there is deficiency of this nutrient the plant lacks absorbent roots and its development is slow, adult leaves develop a pale color at the edges and tips, while young leaves are paler, Newly grown nodes are short and the leaves form an acute angle with the branches. The leaves turn a very dark green color. Stipules remain after leaf fall.

Nitrogen deficiency.
The size of the plant is small or very slow growing, the leaves degrade in color to a pale green almost reaching yellow. The tree may remain this way for a long time.

GrandSur semillas para nuevas plantas de cacao
Seed for planting new cocoa plants

Seed for planting can be obtained from the farm or certified crops and/or nurseries. In the case that they are obtained from the farm, they should be taken from plants with higher productivity and that are more tolerant to diseases; if you choose nursery plants, they should have about 30 or 35 centimeters to be […]

GrandSur poda de rehabilitacion plantas de cacao
Rehabilitation pruning in a cocoa plantation

Rehabilitation pruning seeks to restore the productivity of old plantations, this is achieved by basing pruning on specific objectives: Lowering the height of #cocoa trees and renewing the productive tissue, eliminating dry, broken or fractured branches, as well as branches, fruits or plants that present diseases, branches that are too close together and interfere with […]

GrandSur How can cocoa production be sustainable
How can cocoa production be sustainable?

Due to globalization and consumer awareness, sustainability in the food production chain has become a basic requirement. The cocoa industry strives to meet the huge demand that is now more focused than ever on the adoption of good farming methods and responsible management of natural resources. Sustainable cocoa production is based on quality guidelines and […]